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Higher energy prices and supply chain costs fuel surge in inflation

The cost of living surged by 4.2% in October – the highest rate in almost 10 years – due to rising fuel and energy costs, according to new data from the Office for National Statistics.

The consumer price index measure of inflation is now more than double the Bank of England’s target.

The reading reading is far higher than the 3.1% rise recorded in the year to September and ahead of economists’ forecasts.

Suren Thiru, Head of Economics at the British Chambers of Commerce, said: “The latest data confirms that inflation is on a significant upward trajectory.  

“October’s upturn was largely driven by rising household energy costs following the increase in Ofgem’s energy price cap, rising fuel prices and the partial reversal of the VAT reductions for hospitality and tourism which drove up restaurant and hotel prices. 

“A substantial winter surge in inflation remains probable with the rising cost of imported raw materials and higher energy prices likely to lift inflation to around 5% next year. 

“Inflation should trend back towards target over the medium term as supply chains adjust post-pandemic and demand weakens as fiscal policy tightens and economic conditions moderate. 

“The Bank of England is facing a tricky trade-off between surging inflation and a stalling recovery. However, with the UK economy facing mounting headwinds, raising interest rates too early should be resisted to avoid damaging business and consumer confidence.” 

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